The Bloat in dogs is every dog owner’s nightmare. Every dog can get it but typical breeds affected are larger breeds with a deep chest such as Great Danes, Boxers, German Shepherds, Rottweilers, Dobermans, Saint Bernards, Mastiffs and Akitas. Yet it can happen to any dog. Around the world the Bloat is the second killer of large breed dogs worldwide.
So what is the Bloat?
The Bloat, also called by vets gastric dilatation volvulus, happens when the stomach twists and turns around its own axis. This interrupts incoming and outgoing blood vessel passages. The entrance and exit of the intestine and gullet gets corded up causing the dog’s blood circulations getting badly affected, which promptly causes a collapse. The dog will show restlessness and try to throw up. Since the opening to the stomach is blocked, the stomach starts to bloat, due to the fact that gasses are trapped inside. The dog will be obviously be bloated up and the stomach will be extremely hard.
The Bloat is fatal! If the dog is not treated shortly it leads to death within few hours. Treatment by a vet happens through an operation where the vet returns the stomach to its normal state and fixed it to keep it from turning again. The vet will then check if the bloat effected other parts of the body.
What are the causes The Bloat
There are several factors that can lead to the stomach bloat. The exact number of causes have not been discovered yet but here are some that have been till date.
If the dog forms too many gasses, possibly by eating lots of rotten / fermented food.
If the dog’s stomach expands due to overeating or drinking too many fluids.
Eating from raised food bowls has been proven to be one of the causes for the bloat.
Eating too fast.
In a situation causing stress or anxiety the dog might gasp rapidly for air hence swallowing too much of it.
Finally, playing, jumping or romping around shortly after eating large quantities of food has also proven to be one major cause of the bloat.
Precautions to be taken
Do not feed your dog one large meal per day, rather two or even three smaller meals throughout the day are recommended.
Do not use raised bowls unless recommended by a vet due to other health issues.
No running, playing or romping around right before or after meals. It is recommended to leave one hour especially after meals before playing and running.
To read about home remedies for other signs of tiredness or illness in dogs, click here