Just like humans, dogs are born without teeth. Between the fifteenth and fiftieth day baby teeth start to break through. Twenty-eight little pointy baby teeth in total want to taste and nip everything. Those baby teeth later fall out between the fourth and the seventh month to be replaced by your dogs permanent ones. A dog has forty-two permanent teeth.
During the process of teething, the puppy might experience some discomforts such as: higher temperature, toothache, diarrhea and stomach problems. Some puppies can even refuse to eat regularly and lose weight. Dry food might sometimes become hard to eat, if so try soaking it a bit with water or chicken broth to make it a bit easier for your puppy to eat.
To prevent your puppy from chewing on furniture, shoes etc., provide them with toys and rawhide to chew and bite on. Sometimes massaging the swollen and itchy gums in the spot where a tooth will emerge soothes the itching.
Other things you can do to get your puppy through this phase are:
Soak a small towel or face cloth and place it in the freezer, give it to your puppy to chew on when frozen. Frozen carrots or an ice cube from time to time also work well, just be prepared to maybe do some cleaning up afterwards.
Nipping and biting puppies
A puppy explores the world by sniffing and tasting and this could include nipping on your hands. No one teaches a puppy to control the force of it’s biting as much as its mom and siblings. This is another reason to try to keep the puppy with its mom and litter-mates for as long as possible, or at least till he is eight weeks old. In the first stage it is OK to let your little puppy mouth you, just like it would when playing with other living bodies in nature. When playing gets to rough yelp, just like his litter-mates would, release a loud ouch and walk away from playing, his mom would do it the same way too. When the puppy calms down, you can return to play. Yet, when he outgrows the puppy stage, at around 6 months, it should not be let to bite hard at all.
Remember! Be patient and do not get frustrated. A frustrated state of mind does not help during training a puppy or later on a grown dog.